US$ stuck in a rut...
Daily Pfennig

Blog Subscription Form

  • Email Notifications


........But First, A Word From Our Sponsor..........
At EverBank®, we do more than offer you global opportunities. We also provide you with the tools you need to research these opportunities. Visit our free Foreign Currency Resources today-
You'll discover:
- Individual research pages on all of the major and emerging currencies available at EverBank
- Regularly updated currency insights from Chuck Butler, President of EverBank World Markets
- Tools, charts and tables you need to compare and evaluate different currencies
Start researching your opportunities. Go to:
EverBank is an Equal Housing Lender and Member FDIC.

In This Issue..

* US$ stuck in a rut...
* Australia is rising star...
* BOE keeps rates on hold...
* Frank reflects on Olympic boycott...

And Now... Today's Pfennig!

US$ stuck in a rut...

Good day, and welcome to Friday!  The dollar kept within the fairly tight range it has established over the past few weeks.  The dollar index has remained between 81 and 82 for the past 15 days, after jumping higher on the Greek financial crisis.  Currency traders are uncertain of where the global economy is heading, and seem to be taking a 'wait and see' approach.  Eventually a clear picture will start to emerge, but for now, the currency markets are stuck in a rut.

The weekly jobs data released yesterday morning didn't give investors much to go on.  The numbers came in slightly higher than expected, surprising many who thought the improvement we saw in the monthly numbers at the end of last week would carry over to the weekly report.  But it still looks like any improvement in the labor picture here in the US will be slow to come, and pretty sporadic.  The Labor Department blamed the Easter holiday for skewing the numbers, saying the two weeks around the Holiday weekend are traditionally volatile making it difficult to discern an underlying trend.  But the less volatile 4 week moving average of claims, a less volatile measure, also increased to 450,250 last week from 448,000.

No matter what spin the Labor Department puts on the data, the numbers show the labor picture isn't getting better.  It may not be getting worse, but it is still not getting any better. And Bernanke and his buddies at the Fed are not going to look to raise rates until we see a significant improvement in the labor picture.  With rates staying low for an 'extended period', investors will continue to look to diversify into higher yielding currencies.  The global economic rebound is going to be uneven, with China and India leading the western world out of recession.  Commodity based economies which supply these countries with much needed raw materials will benefit, and their currencies should appreciate.

One such economy can be found down under in Australia.  I was asked by Frank to put together a couple paragraphs on why the Aussie dollar is a good currency choice for investors.  Never one to waste effort (and seeing that I need a bit of Pfennig filler this morning) I thought I would share them with the readers this morning.

The Australian dollar continues to be a top choice for currency investors.  Several factors have combined to make the Aussie dollar the best performing major currency over the past 12 months, with an increase of over 30% vs. the US$.  First, Australia has a commodity based export driven economy with a strong central bank.  Australia is entering their 19th consecutive year of economic growth, after avoiding the global downturn of the past two years.  Their close trading ties to China have allowed them to weather the global crisis much better than their G10 brethren.   The strong and steady growth in China has kept commodity prices climbing, supporting the raw material exports of Australia and underpinning their currency.  Growth in the Australian economy rose in the 4th quarter at the fastest pace in two years as GDP climbed .9% from the 3rd quarter and 2.7% year over year.  The economy is expected to grow 3.25% this year and then 3.5% in the following two years, good sustainable growth rates in an uncertain global climate.

The biggest jobs boom in more than three years and a surge in business confidence is further evidence the economy is already growing at or close to trend.  Employers added 194,600 jobs in the five months through January and sent the unemployment rate to an 11 month low of 5.3%, which is close to half that in the US.  While the February employment numbers came in less than expected, it nonetheless was a positive figure and marked the 5th straight month of gains.  Economists are expecting steady declines in the jobless rate to 4.7% by year-end and many see wage pressure intensifying once it falls below 5%.

The strong economy has allowed the Reserve Bank of Australia to begin increasing interest rates, making their currency even more attractive for investors.  The RBA was the first G10 central bank to raise rates, and has increased rates 5 times in the past 6 central bank meetings.  The latest move occurred earlier this week, and in the statement accompanying the rate announcement, Central bank Governor Glenn Stevens indicated that rates will continue to rise.  Governor Glenn Stevens said the move was a 'further step' toward returning interest rates to average levels.  He is trying to cool a housing market which continues to look as if it is in danger of overheating.  "Interest rates to most borrowers nonetheless have been somewhat lower than average," the governor said in today's statement.  "With growth likely to be around trend and inflation close to target over the coming year, it is appropriate for interest rates to be closer to average."

These interest rate increases have pushed up the yield differential between Australia and the US and Japan.  High interest differentials encourage 'carry trade' investments, where investors borrow at the low rates available in Japan or the US and invest the proceeds into the higher yielding currency of Australia.  Carry trades pushed the Australian dollar to double digit returns vs. the US$ in 2007 and 2009 and should continue to encourage investment flows into the Aussie dollar throughout 2010.

Confidence in the global economic recovery was boosted by data released in Europe yesterday morning.  German exports rose the most in eight months and producer prices in the UK rose faster than predicted.  The recent fall in the value of the euro helped push exports up 5.1% in February compared to the January when they fell 6.5%.  German companies are stepping up production to meet global demand.  Manufacturing growth accelerated in March and business confidence increased.  Still, the Greek crisis has cast a large cloud over the euro-zone, and will probably keep the euro-area economy growth at a moderate pace.

The Bank of England kept rates unchanged and kept its bond purchase program (quantitative easing) in place.  They held the target for its asset buying plan at 200 billion pounds, as everyone predicted.  The BOE didn't comment on the economy or the outlook for policy due to the upcoming elections.  The two candidates continue to debate the best policy direction for the UK, and how aggressive they need to be on reigning in the deficits.  I read an article in yesterday's UK Telegraph which discussed the drastic measures which need to occur in the UK.  The challenger, David Cameron, and his Conservative party have been pushing for major cuts to public spending; and got some backing from the Bank for International Settlements yesterday.  The BIS said that Britain will need 'drastic' austerity measures to prevent public debt exploding out of control. Interest payments on the UK's public debt will double from 5% of GDP to 10% within a decade under the BIS base scenario before spiraling upwards to 27% by 2040.  This is by far the highest among the OECD club of developed countries; even worse than either Greece or Italy.

And leaders shouldn't look to 'grow out' of their debt problem.  The OECD recently cut its UK growth forecast for the UK, predicting rather tepid growth of just .5% during the first quarter of 2010.  Readers know my opinion about the pound sterling, I wouldn't touch it.  And the UK economy has many striking similarities to our own, so the future of the US$ isn't all that bright either.

Frank let me know the Money Show in Vancouver is going well, and he even got to enjoy a bit of the beautiful Canadian spring weather.  But Frank is always working, and late last night he sent me the following to include in today's Pfennig:

When we think of long term investing we all like to think we have it covered with all the possibilities.  A look at this story, and then considering what was swirling around at this very recent time provides an opportunity to remind ourselves the future is very uncertain.  In 1980 the US boycotted the Moscow Olympics primarily in protest of the still strong Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan.  China was not a world player.  Europe was considering union, and Paul Volker's Federal Reserve was focused on money supply.  Also thinking back to that time is a web site called  US Soccer Players.  They have written an account of the boycott and what it meant to the soccer community in the US, and along the way they have highlighted Ty Keough from EverBank World Markets here: .  Take a look and enjoy the story, but then think about what may be in store over the next 30 years - and of course a World Cup for the USA!

The article on Ty Keough and his father Harry really brings home just how important the Keough family is to St. Louis and the game of soccer.  Both father and son served as head coach to college soccer teams here in St. Louis; Harry at St. Louis Univ. and Ty at my alma mater Washington Univ.  They both are in the St. Louis Soccer Hall of Fame, and continue to be very active in the community.  Congratulations to Ty on a great article, we are really proud you are part of our WorldMarkets team!

Currencies today 4/9/10: American Style: A$ .9307, kiwi .7122, C$ .9948, euro 1.3402, sterling 1.5365, Swiss .9342, European Style: rand 7.2593, krone 5.9308, SEK 7.2362, forint 199.66, zloty 2.8914, koruna 18.8080, RUB 29.2644, yen 93.71, sing 1.3915, HKD 7.7574, INR 44.3275, China 6.8236, pesos 12.1846, BRL 1.7808, dollar index 81.49, Oil $86.24, 10-year 3.88%, Silver $18.35, and Gold... $1,157.57

That's it for today... It is finally Friday!  Even though it has been just a four day work week for me it feels like it has been longer.  Had a busy night with hockey practice followed by Brendan's first baseball game of the year.  Unfortunately Brendan couldn't play as his foot is still injured, and his team lost a close match.  He is in a tournament, so hopefully he will get some playing time this weekend as we have 3 baseball games, 2 hockey practices, and 2 soccer games for his sister Lauren.  I am going to squeeze in a half marathon on Sunday morning and the Blues last home game tonight.  And I thought the work week wore me out!!  Hope everyone has a Fantastic Friday and a Wonderful Weekend!!

Chris Gaffney, CFA
Vice President
EverBank World Markets

Posted 04-09-2010 8:59 AM by Chuck Butler